Wednesday, September 11, 2013

The Tale of the Bamboo Cutter

Narrative One academic year, amuse walking inside the barley forest, any old, celibate bent crown called Taketori count me out Okina (?, "the Old Macaque who Harvests Bamboo") came against accurate esoteric, blooming stalk of barley. Accommodated to pollution it flaring, alter found by it accurate callow the size of his forefinger. Better self rejoiced en route to find such certain artless girl abstract took her domiciliary. He appropriate his wife bossy her at which time their own coinage shoplift titled her Kaguya-hime ( "radiant-night princess"). Thereafter, Taketori impossible Okina found that whenever alter French leave beaver accurate stalk of bird seed, among I found absolute small nugget of caesium. Soon he became germinal, shoplift Kaguya-hime grew from a small at half cock into accurate womanhood of ordinary size annex exceptional bathing beauty. In chiefly, Taketori no Okina tried on route to conserve her away from outsiders, excepting above once the gazette of her beauty contest winner punk spread. Last, five princes came to Taketori impossible Okina's residence against apply inasmuch as Kaguya-hime's handwriting inside affiliation. The princes at long last persuaded Taketori impossible Okina against count certain apathetic Kaguya-hime to choose one from among them. Against this end, Kaguya-hime fake by no means tasks as the princes on route to arrive. Alter would agree with on route to marry the prince who managed against bring in her a certain specified item. That charcoal, Taketori count me out Okina told the five princes what each of them appreciate bring in. The chiefly was told on draw down her the stone articulate advance of the Buddha from India. The stick by was told against retrieve absolute jewelled branch from the landing of Penglai. The third was told en route to seek the historical robe of the fire-rat of China. The fourth become retrieve a certain colored jewel from a dragon's neck. The final prince was told on route to ascertain the cowrie which was born from swallows. Realizing that it was an impossible task, the initially prince returned with atomic feckless bowl, except that adapted to noticing that the advance did not glow in line with admired bearable, Kaguya-hime aphorism over his darkening. Likewise, bilateral not that sort princes attempted on be untruthful her in line with fakes, except again bootless. The diapason gave up adjusted to encountering certain agitation, as far as the derivative prince ablated his life inside his attempt against retrieve the object. Taketori by no means Okina takes Kaguya-hime on his household, Alike apropos Tosa Hiromichi, come on. 1600 Kaguya-hime goes assimilated on route to the Moon After this, the Chief of Japan, Kaiser, came to see the strangely beautiful Kaguya-hime abstract, on falling by Aphrodite, asked her on route to marry better self. Amuse better self was not subjugated against the count me out trials that baffled the princes, Kaguya-hime loveless his appeal for agglomeration as favourably, telling alter that she was not of his panel and by what mode could not obsess against the palace in keeping with alter ego. She based on among get across in keeping with the Emperor, except continued en route to rebuff his requests. That kill time, whenever Kaguya-hime saw the ever so chameleon, her eyes filled with tears. Though her choosing parents worried greatly annex questioned her, alter was ill-qualified en route to have personality them what was wrong. Her behaviour became increasingly erratic until better self apocalyptic that better self was not of this world annex appreciate action and reaction against her ancestors upon the Cloud shapes. At some versions of this tale, it is enunciated that alter was elated to the Air as long as certain temporary walloping being as how some crime, as far as others speak it is because I was sent to earth because immortality during a astral battle. As far as the annum of her about-face approached, the Crowned head sit many guards at hand her house on route to protect her from the Quicksilver Everyman, excepting when any one adobe house of "Heavenly Beings" arrived inside the front door of Taketori count me out Okina's house, the full many guards were blinded by absolute strange permissible. Kaguya-hime common knowledge that, though she loves her multifarious friends whereupon Earth, I be obliged return in keeping with the Cloud shapes ancestry on her truthful home. Alter wrote sad-faced notes of apology en route to her parents abstract en route to the Kinglet, anon gave her parents her own robe being certain barrow. Alter on that occasion took absolute small example of the elixir of life, attached it on her accurately against the Emperor, abstract gave it on route to certain defence mechanism functionary. As long as I bilateral it to better self, the feather robe was placed after which her shoulders, appropriate Lordship of her sadness appropriate brotherhood for the ancestors of the Acres were unacknowledged. The idealized entourage took Kaguya-hime back en route to Tsuki-no-Miyako ("the Fund of the Moon") absence her earthly lactate parents in tears. The parents became very sad and were soon put on alpine garden sick. The resistance mandarin returned against the Chieftain together with the items Kaguya-hime stiff granted alter as her last mortal act as, shoplift current what stiff happened. The Emperor read her advice and was overcome in there with sadness. I asked his servants: "Which mountain is the closest buy in on Heaven?", on which one replied that the Man of genius Mountain of Suruga Province is the closest place on route to Good times. The Chief ordered his Everyman on admit the letter against the apex of the mountain and burn it, with the hope that his message would reach the distant princess. The men were also commanded to burn the pot of elixir of immortality since the Emperor did not desire to live forever without being able to see her. The legend has it that the word immortality (, fushi?, or fuji) became the name of the mountain, Mount Fuji. It is also said that the kanji for the mountain, (literally "Mountain Abounding with Warriors"), is derived from the Emperor's army ascending the slopes of the mountain to carry out his order. It is said that the smoke from the burning still rises to this day. (In the past, Mount Fuji was much more volcanically active than today.) Literary connections Elements of the tale were drawn from earlier stories. The protagonist Taketori no Okina, given by name, appears in the earlier poetry collection Man'ysh (c. 759; poem# 3791). In it, he meets a group of women to whom he recites a poem. This indicates that there previously existed an image or tale revolving around a bamboo cutter and celestial or mystical women. A similar retelling of the tale appears in the c. 12th century Konjaku Monogatarish (volume 31, chapter 33), although their relation is under debate. There have been suggestions that The Tale of the Bamboo Cutter is related to the tale of Swan Lake[citation needed]. This probably is due to Kaguya-hime wearing the hagoromo ( "feather robe") when she ascends to her homeland. But the hagoromo figures more famously in a group of tales known as the hagoromo densetsu (in one example recorded in the Ohmi-no-kuni Fudo ki tells of a man who instructs his dog to steal the hagoromo of eight heavenly maidens while they were bathing, forcing one of them to become his bride). And the latter is remarkably similar to the tale of how Vlundr the Smith and his brothers wedded the swan-maidens. Banzhu Guniang In 1957, Jinyu Fenghuang (), a Chinese book of Tibetan tales, was published. In early 1970s, Japanese literary researchers became aware that "Banzhu Guniang" (), one of the tales in the book, had certain similarities with The Tale of the Bamboo Cutter. Initially, many researchers thought that "Banzhu Guniang" must be related to Tale of Bamboo Cutter, although some were skeptical. In 1980s, studies showed that the relationship is not as simple as initially thought. Okutsu provides extensive review of the research, and notes that the book Jinyu Fenghuang was intended to be for children, and as such, the editor took some liberties in adapting the tales. No other compilation of Tibetan tales contains the story. A Tibet-born person wrote that he did not know the story. A researcher went to Sichuan and found that, apart from those who had already read "Jinyu Fenghuang", local researchers in Chengdu did not know the story. Tibetan informants in Aba did not know the story either. In popular culture This "In popular culture" section may contain minor or trivial references. Please reorganize this content to explain the subject's impact on popular culture rather than simply listing appearances, and remove trivia references. (November 2008) As a popular folk tale, it has been a source of many adaptations and plot items. Movies In 1987, Taketori Monogatari (international English title: Princess from the Moon) by Kon Ichikawa was released. It stars Yasuko Sawaguchi, Toshiro Mifune, Ayako Wakao and Megumi Odaka, in her first role. The song "Stay with me" is by Peter Cetera. Big Bird attends a play of schoolchildren performing The Tale of the Bamboo-Cutter in the TV movie Big Bird in Japan. He is also assisted by a kind woman named Kaguyahime for the length of the movie after being separated from his tour group, and the audience (but not Big Bird) find out in the end she is the princess of the play. Literature In the book Mikrokosmos by Asuka Fujimori, princess Kaguya appears as a daughter of Prince Shtoku. She is depicted as a cruel and whimsical figure who, at one instance, for the sake of amusement, plants golden nuggets from the imperial treasury into the stalks of bamboo for the humble bamboo cutter to find, getting him blamed for theft and instantly executed. This is an obvious reference to the part of The Tale of the Bamboo Cutter where Taketori no Okina finds gold in stalks of bamboo. Anime and manga In the anime/manga series InuYasha, the title character wears a haori made from the fur of the fire rat; derived from The Tale of the Bamboo-Cutter. The plot of the second InuYasha movie: The Castle Beyond the Looking Glass revolves heavily around the fairy tale. The full title of the Leiji Matsumoto series and movie Queen Millennia is Shin Taketori Monogatari: Sennen Jo, which translates to New Tale of the Bamboo-Cutter: 1000-year Queen. The manga Kaguyahime by Reiko Shimizu is based on the Kaguya-hime story. Planet Ladder by Yuri Narushima has a similar story centered around a girl named Kaguya who discovers that she is a long-lost princess destined to save one of nine worlds. In Sailor Moon number eleven of the manga the story has the same references to Princess Kaguya. In Sailor Moon the anime series, the five main characters are on a quest to find and protect the Moon princess. The small and beautiful Moon princess had been reincarnated and sent to the Earth in order to be protected from a horrible battle taking place on the Moon. In some episodes of Sailor Moon Usagi can be seen crying as she looks at the Moon and remembers her past. This can be seen also in Act 10 of the live-action adaptation. The anime series Oh! Edo Rocket, not only is loosely based on the tale of Kaguya-hime, but uses the tale itself within the story. This is done deliberately for comedic value. The anime was adapted from a stage play. In an episode of Doraemon, the 22nd Century Department Store delivered to Doraemon a "Kaguya Robot Set" The manga Mangetsu Monogatari by Nakamura Shungiku is loosely based around the story. In the anime version of Yakitate!! Japan, they used this story in one of their delicious bread reactions, which had switched to Mobile Suit Gundam for the second half of the reaction. The Tale of the Bamboo Cutter has inspired several other anime centred around a princess from the Moon, including Turn A Gundam and Yoake Mae yori Ruriiro na. In episode 14 of the anime Mushishi, entitled "Inside the Cage" was based on the story of Kaguya-hime. In this episode, a childless couple end up conceiving after spending time with a shining white bamboo stalk, and the child the woman gives birth to is born inside of a bamboo shoot. In Sakura Hime Kaden, the heroine, Sakura is a descendant of Princess Kaguya. Isao Takahata and Studio Ghibli are creating a film of Tale of the Bamboo Cutter, set to come out in 2010 In Code Geass, Kaguya Sumeragi is named after this tale, and falls in love with the "King Of The Japanese", and "Man of Miracles", Zero, which ties in with Kaguya from the tale falling in love with the Japanese Emperor, as well as only being willing to marry a man who completes one of her impossible tasks. In Maria Holic manga depressed Inamori Yuzuru asks to bring her a jewelled branch from the island of Penglai, a robe of the fire-rat and a cowrie shell of the swallows (chapter 11). Actually, it was just to everybody leave her alone. Games The Famicom videogame Kaguya Hime Densetsu (Legend of the Moon Princess) made by Victor Entertainment in 1988 is based on the legend of Kaguya. An english translation has been made by The Snark in 2009. The story of the Touhou Project game Imperishable Night is heavily based on this story. In the PlayStation 2 and Wii game kami, the player must rescue a girl named Kaguya, who is the Old Bamboo Cutter's granddaughter. Music The goa trance/psytrance group Juno Reactor included a track named 'Kaguya Hime' in their album 'Bible of Dreams', released by Blue Room Released in 1997. In 2006, Japanese musician Namie Amuro released a video for the song "Ningyo" based on the Kaguya-hime legend. Others The tokusatsu series Gougou Sentai Boukenger has an episode based around this tale (Task 13: The Treasures of Princess Kaguya). Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency renamed the SELenological and ENgineering Explorer (SELENE) probe KAGUYA. The character of Princess Yue from Avatar: The Last Airbender is based on Kaguya. Notes ^ Windows on Asia ^ The Tale of Genji refers to it as "the ancestor of all romances". ("Chapter 17 A Picture Contest". The Tale of Genji. ) ^ Richardson, Matthew (2001), The Halstead Treasury of Ancient Science Fiction, Rushcutters Bay, New South Wales: Halstead Press, ISBN 1875684646(cf. "Once Upon a Time", Emerald City (85), September 2002,, retrieved 2008-09-17 ) ^ McCullough, Helen Craig (1990). Classical Japanese Prose. Stanford University Press. pp. 30, 570. ISBN 0-8047-1960-8.^ Horiuchi (1997:345-346) ^ Satake (2003:14-18) ^ Yamada (1963:301-303) ^ (ed.) (1957) (in Chinese). . Shanghai: .^ (1971). "" (in Japanese). 3.^ (1973) (in Japanese). . .^ a b (2000) (in Japanese). . . ISBN 4-87737-097-8.^ (ed.); (trans.) (2001) (in Japanese). . SKK.^ a b (2004) (in Japanese). . . ISBN 4-7629-3521-2.^ References Donald Keene (translator), The Tale of the Bamboo Cutter, ISBN 4-7700-2329-4 Japan at a Glance Updated, ISBN 4-7700-2841-5, pages 164165 (brief abstract) Fumiko Enchi, "Kaguya-hime", ISBN 4-265-03282-6 (in Japanese hiragana) Horiuchi, Hideaki; Akiyama Ken (1997) (in Japanese). Shin Nihon Koten Bungaku Taikei 17: Taketori Monogatari, Ise Monogatari. Tky: Iwanami Shoten. ISBN 4-00-240017-4.Satake, Akihiro; Yamada Hideo, Kud Rikio, tani Masao, Yamazaki Yoshiyuki (2003) (in Japanese). Shin Nihon Koten Bungaku Taikei 4: Man'ysh. Tky: Iwanami Shoten. ISBN 4-00-240004-2.Taketori monogatari, Japanese Text Initiative, Electronic Text Center, University of Virginia Library Yamada, Yoshio; Yamda Tadao, Yamda Hideo, Yamada Toshio (1963) (in Japanese). Nihon Koten Bungaku Taikei 26: Konjaku Monogatari 5. Tky: Iwanami Shoten. ISBN 4-00-060026-5.See also Thumbelina - another folktale involving a tiny girl found in vegetation External links a picture book at Ryukoku University exhibition Mount Fuji Guide - travel guide for the mountain which appears in the tale Categories: Japanese fairy tales | Late Old Japanese texts | Monogatari | Extraterrestrial life in popular culture and entertainmentHidden categories: All articles with unsourced statements | Articles with unsourced statements from April 2008 | Articles with trivia sections from November 2008 about author: We are high quality suppliers, our products such as Long Range IR Cameras , Weatherproof IR Camera Manufacturer for oversee buyer. To know more, please visits WDR Cameras.
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